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Keywords:

  • Doula;
  • educational materials;
  • focus groups;
  • postpartum depression;
  • smartphone application (app)

Problem

About 10–15% of women experience postpartum depression (PPD). Doulas provide support and education about PPD.

Methods

This qualitative study used focus groups with mothers, doulas, and doula trainers to develop educational materials for doulas to help mothers identify symptoms of depression and seek treatment.

Findings

All participants preferred materials that use simple language and avoid psychiatric jargon. Three themes emerged: someone to talk to, flexibility, and interactivity. Materials developed include tri-fold brochure and content for an application for smartphones and digital tablets.

Conclusions

Doulas can use these interactive materials to provide supportive, relationship-based care that complements nursing care.