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Keywords:

  • Acculturation;
  • adolescents;
  • American orientation;
  • CES-D;
  • Korean immigrants;
  • Korean orientation

Problem

No study has examined variations in the responses to CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) scoring among different ethnic group adolescents.

Methods

This study compared response differences to CES-D between 51 European American and 58 Korean American (KA) adolescents.

Findings

Thirty-nine percent of KA adolescents reported higher depressive symptoms compared to 33% European American adolescents. Controlling for child age, significant mean differences were found on six items between the two groups. When within-group difference was examined among KA adolescents using a bi-dimensional acculturation approach, no differences were found except one item.

Conclusions

KA adolescents did not show response bias toward positive affect items in CES-D when compared to European American adolescents.