Author Disclosure Statement: The authors have no commercial interest related to this manuscript and there are no conflicts of interest for any author of this manuscript
The Extended iSelf: The Impact of iPhone Separation on Cognition, Emotion, and Physiology
Version of Record online: 8 JAN 2015
© 2015 International Communication Association
Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication
Volume 20, Issue 2, pages 119–135, March 2015
How to Cite
Clayton, R. B., Leshner, G. and Almond, A. (2015), The Extended iSelf: The Impact of iPhone Separation on Cognition, Emotion, and Physiology. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 20: 119–135. doi: 10.1111/jcc4.12109
Editorial Record: First manuscript received on May 20, 2014. Revisions received on August 15, 2014 and October 10, 2014. Accepted by Matthew Lombard on October 25, 2014. Final manuscript received on October 27, 2014. First published online on January 08, 2015.
Correction made after online publication January 8, 2015: Russell B. Clayton's affiliation has been updated.
- Issue online: 25 MAR 2015
- Version of Record online: 8 JAN 2015
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 OCT 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 10 OCT 2014
- Manuscript Received: 20 MAY 2014
- Cell Phone Separation;
- Extended Self;
This study uniquely examined the effects on self, cognition, anxiety, and physiology when iPhone users are unable to answer their iPhone while performing cognitive tasks. A 2 x 2 within-subjects experiment was conducted. Participants (N = 40 iPhone users) completed 2 word search puzzles. Among the key findings from this study were that when iPhone users were unable to answer their ringing iPhone during a word search puzzle, heart rate and blood pressure increased, self-reported feelings of anxiety and unpleasantness increased, and self-reported extended self and cognition decreased. These findings suggest that negative psychological and physiological outcomes are associated with iPhone separation and the inability to answer one's ringing iPhone during cognitive tasks. Implications of these findings are discussed.