Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation Burden Before and After Pulmonary Veins Isolation: An Observational Study Through a Subcutaneous Leadless Cardiac Monitor
Dr. Federico Gómez-Pulido has been granted a research scholarship by Medtronic and Boston Scientific. Other authors: No disclosures.
Address for correspondence: Alonso Pedrote, M.D., Ph.D., Unidad de Arritmias, Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, C/Avda Manuel Siurot s/n 41013, Sevilla, Spain. Fax: +34955012330; E-mail: email@example.com
Preablation Atrial Fibrillation Burden
Data on the success rate of ablation in atrial fibrillation (AF) are controversial. Our hypothesis is that the efficacy must be evaluated considering the AF burden (AFB) before the procedure. Moreover, the clinical significance of early recurrence (ERAT) of AF or atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT) is debatable. The aim is to describe the outcome of pulmonary vein isolation in paroxysmal AF through a subcutaneous cardiac monitor (ICM) implanted before the procedure.
Using CARTO 3, circumferential lesions around the pulmonary veins were placed. The study endpoint was the first documented recurrence of AF/AT by ICM after the blanking period (3 months). AFB (percentage of time in AF/AT) was collected every month before and after the procedure during the 12-month follow-up.
The ICM was implanted 94 ± 23 days before the procedure in 35 patients with paroxysmal AF (54 ± 11 years, refractory to 1.8 ± 0.6 antiarrhythmic drugs). Cumulative AFB before the procedure and after the blanking period was 2.5% (1–5%) versus 0% (0–0.25%), P < 0.001. Twenty patients (57.1%) were free of documented AF/AT recurrence, 5 patients (14.2%) reduced the AFB 90%, 6 patients (17.1%) continued the same, and 4 patients (11.4%) increased the AFB 90% for AT. The success rate with second procedure was 71.4%. All 13 patients with ERAT had recurrence after the blanking period.
The outcome of pulmonary vein isolation in patients with paroxysmal AF is well documented by an ICM. The success rate is dependent of the previous AFB that can be randomly variable and lower than expected. ERATs predict late recurrence.