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Journal of Clinical Periodontology

Determinants of alveolar ridge preservation differ by anatomic location

Authors


  • Conflict of interest and source of funding

    This study was supported by OSU College of Dentistry start-up funds provided to Dr. Leblebicioglu and by the OSU Division of Periodontology. Authors report no conflict of interest.

Address:

Binnaz Leblebicioglu

Division of Periodontology

College of Dentistry, The Ohio State University

305 West 12th Ave

Columbus OH 43210, USA

E-mail: leblebicioglu.1@osu.edu

Abstract

Aim

To investigate and compare outcomes following alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) in posterior maxilla and mandible.

Methods

Twenty-four patients (54 ± 3 years) with single posterior tooth extraction were included. ARP was performed with freeze-dried bone allograft and collagen membrane. Clinical parameters were recorded at extraction and re-entry. Harvested bone cores were analysed by microcomputed tomography (micro-CT), histomorphometry and immunohistochemistry.

Results

In both jaws, ARP prevented ridge height loss, but ridge width was significantly reduced by approximately 2.5 mm. Healing time, initial clinical attachment loss and amount of keratinized tissue at extraction site were identified as determinants of ridge height outcome. Buccal plate thickness and tooth root length were identified as determinants of ridge width outcome. In addition, initial ridge width was positively correlated with ridge width loss. Micro-CT revealed greater mineralization per unit volume in new bone compared with existing bone in mandible (< 0.001). Distributions of residual graft, new cellular bone and immature tissue were similar in both jaws.

Conclusion

Within the limitations of this study, the results indicate that in different anatomic locations different factors may determine ARP outcomes. Further studies are needed to better understand determinants of ARP outcomes.

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Ancillary