Patient perceptions of buccal gingival recessions and requests for treatment

Authors

Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Erratum Volume 40, Issue 10, 976, Article first published online: 2 September 2013

  • Conflict of interest and source of funding statement

    The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests. The study was self-funded by the authors and/or their institution.

Address:

Giovanpaolo Pini Prato

Viale Matteotti, 11

50121 – Florence (Italy)

E-mail: gpinipr@tin.it

Abstract

Aims

The aims of this study were to verify patients’ perception of buccal recessions and their requests for treatment.

Methods

The patients filled out a questionnaire dealing with demographic variables and perception of buccal gingival recessions. A calibrated examiner checked for recessions and recorded the clinical variables. Then, the patients were asked to explain what they believed to be the causes of the recessions and whether they were interested in obtaining treatment of their lesions. Descriptive statistics and multilevel logistic models were used.

Results

Of 120 enrolled patients, 96 presented 783 gingival recessions, of which 565 were unperceived. Of 218 perceived recessions, 160 were asymptomatic, 36 showed dental hypersensitivity, 13 aesthetics, 9 aesthetic + hypersensitivity issues. Only 11 patients requested treatment for their 57 recessions. Younger individuals (= 0.0077), deeper recessions (p < 0.0001), incisors and canines (p < 0.0001) and non-carious cervical lesions (p = 0.0441) were significantly associated with patient perception of own recessions. Younger subjects (p = 0.0118), deeper recessions (p = 0.0387) and incisors (= 0.0232) were significantly associated with patient request of treatment.

Four hundred and sixty-eight recessions (60%) were not ascribed to exact causes by the patients.

Conclusion

This study shows that perception of gingival recessions and the patients’ requests for treatment should be evaluated carefully before proceeding with decision making.

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