Conflict of interest statement: No conflicts declared.
Detained adolescent females’ multiple mental health and adjustment problem outcomes in young adulthood
Article first published online: 23 JAN 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry © 2013 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Volume 54, Issue 9, pages 950–957, September 2013
How to Cite
van der Molen, E., Vermeiren, R.R.J.M., Krabbendam, A.A., Beekman, A.T.F., Doreleijers, T.A.H. and Jansen, L.M.C. (2013), Detained adolescent females’ multiple mental health and adjustment problem outcomes in young adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54: 950–957. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12044
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 23 JAN 2013
- Accepted for publication: 19 November 2012
- adult outcome
Background: Although prior studies have shown that detained females are marked by significant adverse circumstances, little is known about their adult outcomes.
Method: Prospective follow-up study of 184 (80.4% of original sample of 229) detained adolescent females who were reassessed 4.5 (SD = 0.6) years later in young adulthood (mean age = 20.0, SD = 1.4) on mental health and adjustment outcomes. Associations between these outcomes and detained females’ behavior problems and offense history were examined.
Results: In the total sample, 59.0% had one or more mental health problems at follow-up, whereas 96.2% were facing at least one adjustment problem. Subjects with a personality disorder (PD) reported more adjustment problems compared to subjects without PD. Mental health and adjustment problems in young adulthood were predicted by detained adolescent females’ behavior problems and offense history.
Conclusion: Detained adolescent females suffered from multiple mental health and adjustment problems in young adulthood. Females who developed PD were most impaired. Results of this study underline the compelling need for continued and gender-specific interventions. The identification of predictors during detention for poor adult outcomes can serve as targets for intervention.