What is known and objective
Dasatinib is a novel second-generation inhibitor of multiple tyrosine kinases, indicated for the treatment for Philadelphia chromosome-positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and lymphoid blast CML with resistance or intolerance to prior therapy. Although dasatinib is a potent, efficacious and generally well-tolerated drug, patients are also subject to various adverse effects. The most common pulmonary-related side effect is pleural effusion (PE). Renal failure has been reported rarely as a side effect of dasatinib treatment. We report the first case of a patient with imatinib-resistant CML who developed PE and acute renal failure (ARF) simultaneously, after being placed on dasatinib therapy.