Conflict of interest The authors declare no conflict of interest concerning this article.
French teenagers and artificial tanning
Article first published online: 19 OCT 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2012 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume 27, Issue 3, pages e428–e432, March 2013
How to Cite
Tella, E., Beauchet, A., Vouldoukis, I., Séi, J.-F., Beaulieu, P., Sigal, M.-L. and Mahé, E. (2013), French teenagers and artificial tanning. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 27: e428–e432. doi: 10.1111/jdv.12015
Funding sources This work was supported by a grant from the Société Française de Dermatologie. Authors thank Janet Jacobson for editorial assistance.
- Issue published online: 18 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 19 OCT 2012
- Received: 14 May 2012; Accepted: 19 September 2012
Background Exposure to solar and artificial ultraviolet (UV) radiations is a major risk factor for skin cancers. France has enacted one of the strictest laws that, notably, restrict tanning-bed access to adults ≥18 years old.
Objective We evaluated artificial tanning behaviours of French teenagers (11–17 years old): sunless-tanning products, sunlamps and artificial tanning beds.
Methods An anonymous questionnaire evaluating sunburn history, skin phototype, behaviours with sunless-tanning products and indoor tanning, and parents’ behaviours was distributed to students enrolled in two middle and high schools in Antony, a typical city of the middle class French population, located in the Paris suburbs.
Results Among 713 teenagers (mean age: 13.5 years: male/female: 1.1) responding, more than half declared that it was important to be tanned during the summer, 1% reported having already used tanning pills, 9.9% tanning creams and 1.4% indoor tanning. Female teenagers significantly more frequently resorted to indoor tanning (P = 0.02), cited the importance of being tanned all year long (P < 0.0001), used tanning pills (P < 0.0001) or tanning creams (P < 0.006), and their parents relied on indoor tanning (P < 0.0001). Profiles of tanning-pill and -cream users were similar. Mean ages for the two groups were comparable.
Conclusion French regulations for indoor tanning seem quite effective. Our analyses revealed a typical teenager profile with sun-exposure risk behaviours, for example, indoor tanning, and use of tanning pills or creams. They could be a selective target for sun-protection information campaigns.