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Increased risk of pemphigoid following scabies: a population-based matched-cohort study

Authors

  • S.-D. Chung,

    1. Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, New Taipei City, Taiwan
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    • Shiu-Dong Chung and Herng-Ching Lin have equal contribution to this manuscript.
  • H.-C. Lin,

    1. School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
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    • Shiu-Dong Chung and Herng-Ching Lin have equal contribution to this manuscript.
  • K.-H. Wang

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
    2. Department of Dermatology, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
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  • Conflict of interest

      Conflict of interest
    • None
  • Funding sources

      Funding sources
    • None

Abstract

Background

No prior study has investigated the possibility that scabies patients may be at an increased risk for developing pemphigoid.

Objective

To evaluate the risk of pemphigoid following scabies during a 3-year follow-up period using a Taiwanese population-based claims database and taking clinical and demographic characteristics into consideration.

Methods

This investigation consisted of a study group of 6793 subjects with a diagnosis of scabies and 33 965 randomly selected subjects used as a comparison group. Each patient was tracked for 3 years following their index dates to identify those who received a subsequent diagnosis of pemphigoid. Stratified Cox proportional hazards regressions were used to compute the hazard ratio (HR) of pemphigoid during the 3-year follow-up period.

Results

Of the 40 758 subjects, 52 (0.13%) had received a diagnosis of pemphigoid during the 3-year follow-up period; 33 (0.49% of the study group) were from the study group and 19 (0.06% of the comparison group) were from the comparison group. Compared to subjects without scabies, the HR for pemphigoid for subjects with scabies was 5.93 within the 3-year follow-up period following the index date after adjusting for monthly income, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, psoriasis, stroke, dementia, Parkinson's disease, coronary heart disease, schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, and after censoring those that died during the follow-up period.

Conclusions

This study detected an increased risk for pemphigoid among patients suffering from scabies. Physicians treating elderly patients with a history of scabies should be alert to the development of pemphigoid.

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