Penile tumours are an important problem of male health affecting physical, mental and sexual health. Penile tumours can be subdivided into benign and malignant lesions. Their knowledge is important to prevent mutilating surgery in benign lesions. On the other hand, early recognition of malignancies is important for improved prognosis, and preservation of function. The most important tumour by epidemiology and prognosis is penile cancer. In contrast, malignant melanoma, sarcomas and lymphomas are rare. Clinical symptoms, histopathology and treatment options are discussed. Best possible treatment needs an interdisciplinary approach.