Stay in NICU and infantile haemangioma development

Authors


  • Conflicts of interest

    • NONE TO DECLARE
  • Funding sources

    • NONE

Abstract

Background

Infantile haemangiomas (IHs) are more frequent in low birth weight babies, especially premature.

Objective

To compare the characteristics of infants with IHs who stayed in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) vs. those with IHs who did not.

Methods

Prospective observational multicentric study. Consecutive infants consulting for IHs in two departments of paediatric dermatology were included and a questionnaire specifically designed was filled for each patient. To identify factors associated with hospitalization in NICU vs. no hospitalization in NICU, we conducted univariate logistic regression analyses.

Results

A total of 210 infants with 323 IHs were included (56 boys, 154 girls, F/M sex ratio 2.75/1); 27 stayed in NICU, whereas 183 did not. Limbs involvement and multiple IHs were more frequent in NICU infants. Similarly, infants who had stayed in NICU had an earlier onset of their IH. Multiple IH was more frequent in infants with a history of congenital onset of IH.

Conclusion

Infants staying in NICU and those with congenital lesion are at risk for specific type and involvement of their IH and should be early addressed to a dermatologist in case of suspicion of IH to provide them an early diagnosis and to start a treatment if necessary as soon as possible.

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