Latitudinal gradients as natural laboratories to infer species' responses to temperature (pages 784–795)
Pieter De Frenne, Bente J. Graae, Francisco Rodríguez-Sánchez, Annette Kolb, Olivier Chabrerie, Guillaume Decocq, Hanne De Kort, An De Schrijver, Martin Diekmann, Ove Eriksson, Robert Gruwez, Martin Hermy, Jonathan Lenoir, Jan Plue, David A. Coomes and Kris Verheyen
Article first published online: 25 FEB 2013 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12074
Macroclimatic variation along latitudinal gradients provides an excellent opportunity to investigate the role of temperature and the potential impacts of climate warming on terrestrial organisms. We review the use of latitudinal gradients for ecological climate-change research, in comparison with altitudinal gradients and experimental warming, and illustrate their use and caveats with a meta-analysis of latitudinal intraspecific variation in life-history traits of plants.