Soil-mediated effects of invasive ungulates on native tree seedlings (pages 622–631)
Paul Kardol, Ian A. Dickie, Mark G. St. John, Sean W. Husheer, Karen I. Bonner, Peter J. Bellingham and David A. Wardle
Article first published online: 17 MAR 2014 | DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12234
Invasive herbivores may potentially impact on plant performance and community structure not only directly but also indirectly through influencing soil abiotic and biotic properties. We show that shifts in plant–soil interactions and feedbacks represent important but understudied pathways by which invasive ungulates can have wide-ranging impacts on forest ecosystems.