Salience in Quality Disclosure: Evidence from the U.S. News College Rankings
Article first published online: 9 JAN 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Economics & Management Strategy
Volume 22, Issue 1, pages 58–77, Spring 2013
How to Cite
Luca, M. and Smith, J. (2013), Salience in Quality Disclosure: Evidence from the U.S. News College Rankings. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 22: 58–77. doi: 10.1111/jems.12003
- Issue published online: 9 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 9 JAN 2013
This paper investigates the impact of college rankings, and the visibility of those rankings, on students’ application decisions. Using natural experiments from U.S. News and World Report College Rankings, we present two main findings. First, we identify a causal impact of rankings on application decisions. When explicit rankings of colleges are published in U.S. News, a one-rank improvement leads to a 1-percentage-point increase in the number of applications to that college. Second, we show that the response to the information represented in rankings depends on the way in which that information is presented. Rankings have no effect on application decisions when colleges are listed alphabetically, even when readers are provided data on college quality and the methodology used to calculate rankings. This finding provides evidence that the salience of information is a central determinant of a firm's demand function, even for purchases as large as college attendance.