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Antennal responses of Cydia pomonella (L.) exposed to surfaces treated with methoxyfenozide



Bruce A. Barrett (corresponding author), Division of Plant Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. E-mail:


Electroantennogram (EAG) measurements were recorded from the antennae of male and female codling moth, Cydia pomonella L., to determine whether adult moths exposed to surfaces treated with the ecdysteroid agonist methoxyfenozide experience a decline in their antennal reception and thus olfactory sensitivity. Such a phenomenon would offer a possible mechanism for the previously reported decreased responsiveness from moths treated with methoxyfenozide to pheromone- and plant volatile-based monitoring lures. Mean EAG data revealed that the antennae from methoxyfenozide-treated male moths appear to be just as sensitive to various doses of synthetic codlemone as the antennae from the control and surfactant-treated moths, but they appeared to be less sensitive to the pheromone component 12OH (collected from female effluvia) than the control male antennae. Mean male EAG responses to the pheromone components E8,E10-12Al and codlemone collected from methoxyfenozide-treated females were significantly less than the responses towards those two pheromone components collected from the control and surfactant-treated females. Female moth exposure to methoxyfenozide did not negatively impact the sensitivity of female antennae to the plant volatile pear ester, but it did towards the apple volatile butyl hexanoate. Data from this study show that adult C. pomonella exposure to methoxyfenozide-treated surfaces does appear to negatively impact, in a minor way, the (i) olfactory sensitivity (or detection) of male antennae towards some components of the female sex pheromone, (ii) the female antennal sensitivity towards a key apple volatile and (iii) the attractiveness of female pheromone effluvia.