Morphology, Morphogenesis, and Molecular Phylogeny of Anteholosticha multicirrata n. sp. (Ciliophora, Spirotrichea) with a Note on Morphogenesis of A. pulchra (Kahl, 1932) Berger, 2003

Authors

  • Kyung-min Park,

    1. Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Jae-ho Jung,

    1. Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
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    • These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Gi-sik Min

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University, Incheon, Korea
    • Correspondence G.-S. Min, Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea Telephone number: +82-32-860-7692; FAX number: +82-32-874-6737; e-mail: mingisik@inha.ac.kr

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Abstract

Two marine urostylid ciliates, Anteholosticha multicirrata n. sp. and Anteholosticha pulchra (Kahl, 1932) Berger, 2003, were collected from South Korea. These species were identified based on morphology, morphogenesis, and SSU rRNA gene sequence comparison. Anteholosticha multicirrata n. sp. is characterized by the following features: body size 90–125 × 30–45 μm in vivo, shape slender to ellipsoidal in outline, with yellow-greenish cortical granules distributed along and between dorsal kineties and cirri; single contractile vacuole positioned on left at mid-body; three frontal, five to seven frontoterminal, one buccal, one to two pretransverse and four to six transverse cirri; three complete dorsal kineties; one left and one right marginal cirral row; about 117 macronuclear nodules; and three to four micronuclei observed during morphogenesis. In addition, based on the observations of morphogenesis, we found that A. pulchra has pretransverse cirri, which were not described in detail in previous studies. Nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene was used to analyse their phylogenetic relationship, and the gene tree supports that the genus Anteholosticha is a highly polyphyletic group.

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