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Keywords:

  • liver cirrhosis;
  • MELD;
  • mortality

Abstract

Background and Aim

The Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) has been widely used for predicting short-term mortality in patients with cirrhosis in the U.S. A modification of the MELD score was published in 2011. This was validated for Korean patients with cirrhosis.

Methods

The medical records of patients with cirrhosis who were admitted to Konkuk University Hospital from 2006 to 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. The predictive value for 3-month mortality was compared between the Refit MELD, Refit MELD-Na, MELD, MELD-Na, and Child–Pugh score. The comparison was performed by calculating the area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC).

Results

A total of 882 patients were enrolled and 77 (8.7%) died within 3 months. The most common etiology was alcohol (45.4%) followed by hepatitis B (34.2%). The AUROCs of the Refit MELD, Refit MELD-Na, MELD, MELD-Na, and Child–Pugh score were 0.842, 0.817, 0.844, 0.848, and 0.831, respectively. The Refit MELD-Na showed a lower value than MELD-Na (P = 0.0005), MELD (P = 0.0190), and the Refit MELD (P = 0.0174). When the patients with hepatitis B, C, and alcoholic cirrhosis were analyzed, the AUROCs were 0.960, 0.920, 0.953, 0.951, 0.896, 0.959, 0.956, 0.947, 0.956, 0.943, and 0.746, 0.707, 0.752, 0.747, 0.755.

Conclusions

The improvement in predictive value for 3-month mortality was not definite. The Refit MELD-Na especially showed the lowest value. This result may have been due to differences in underlying etiology of cirrhosis between Korea and the U.S. Thus, a larger prospective study is warranted.