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Keywords:

  • CDX1;
  • CDX2;
  • gastric cancer;
  • Helicobacter pylori;
  • intestinal metaplasia;
  • premalignant condition of the stomach

Abstract

Premalignant lesions of gastric cancer encompass a variety of conditions such as chronic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia, in which elevated risk of developing gastric cancer have been documented. Among them, intestinal metaplasia is frequently encountered in our daily endoscopic examination, yet its clinical significance is often underestimated despite of a number of reports demonstrating genetic and epigenetic alterations in the intestinal metaplastic mucosa. In this review, I will describe the molecular mechanisms of phenotypic changes from gastric mucosa to intestinal metaplasia based on our analysis of mouse model of intestinal metaplasia generated by ectopic expression of CDX2 in conjunction with the studies with human intestinal metaplasia.