Clinical outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection for early gastric cancer in patients with chronic kidney disease
- Financial disclosures: There are no financial disclosures from any authors.
Dr Shiro Oka, Department of Endoscopy, Hiroshima University Hospital, 1-2-3 Kasumi, Minami-ku, Hiroshima 734-8551, Japan. Email: email@example.com
Background and Aim
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a widely accepted treatment for early gastric cancer (EGC), and the number of ESD performed for EGC in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing. Although patients undergoing hemodialysis tend to bleed and are at high risk for cardiovascular disease, the effectiveness and safety of ESD for EGC in patients with CKD in particular have not been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and potential adverse effects of ESD for EGC in patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis.
Sixty-three consecutive CKD patients in whom 79 EGCs were treated by ESD between October 2004 and January 2012; 15 of the 63 patients were hemodialysis patients. Complete en bloc resection rate and ESD-related complications in hemodialysis patients versus non-hemodialysis patients were evaluated.
The complete en bloc resection rate was 100% (15/15) in the hemodialysis patients and 87.5% (56/64) in the non-hemodialysis patients, respectively. The post-ESD bleeding rate was 33% (5/15) and 9% (6/64), respectively (P < 0.05). Perforation occurred only in non-hemodialysis patients; the incidence was 5% (3/64). Two ESD-related deaths occurred among hemodialysis patients (13%, 2/15); femoral artery infarction triggered post-ESD bleeding in one of these two patients, and alveolar hemorrhage occurred in the other.
Hemodialysis poses a risk of post-ESD bleeding. We must understand this risk and provide countermeasures for post-ESD bleeding in hemodialysis patients.