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Keywords:

  • ABCB1;
  • CYP3A4;
  • CYP3A5;
  • tacrolimus;
  • ulcerative colitis

Abstract

Background and Aim

The pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus (Tac) differ among individuals, and genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome P-450 (CYP) 3A4, CYP3A5, and ABCB1 are thought to be involved. The aim of this study was to clarify whether these genetic polymorphisms affect the pharmacokinetics of Tac in patients with ulcerative colitis.

Methods

The subjects in this study were 45 patients with moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis who were resistant to other therapies and were treated with Tac. The subjects were tested for genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and ABCB1, and the relationship between Tac pharmacokinetics and the remission rate was investigated.

Results

Of the 45 subjects, 24 (53.3%) were CYP3A5 expressers (Exp), and 21 (46.7%) were non-expressers (Non-Exp). The trough level and the dose-adjusted trough level on days 2–5 were significantly higher in the Non-Exp group than in the Exp group (10.16 ± 5.84 vs 4.47 ± 2.50 ng/mL, P < 0.0001, 139.36 ± 77.43 vs 61.37 ± 41.55 ng/mL per mg/kg/day, P < 0.0001). The percentage of patients achieving the optimal trough level on days 2–5 was significantly higher in the Non-Exp group than in the Exp group (40.0% vs 4.3%, P = 0.01). This trend was also observed on days 7–10. On multivariate analysis, factors associated with achievement of the optimal trough level were food non-intake and Non-Exp of CYP3A5. The remission rate was significantly higher in the Non-Exp group than in the Exp group (47.6% vs 16.7%, P = 0.046).

Conclusions

CYP3A5 genetic polymorphisms affected the pharmacokinetics of Tac, so that the short-term clinical remission rate was different between Exp and Non-Exp of CYP3A5.