• 1
    Jemal A, Bray F, Center MM, Frelay J, Ward E, Forman D. Global cancer statistics. CA Cancer J. Clin. 2011; 61: 6990.
  • 2
    El-Serag HB. Hepatocellular carcinoma. N. Engl. J. Med. 2011; 365: 11191127.
  • 3
    Mazzaferro V, Regalia E, Doci R et al. Liver transplantation for the treatment of small hepatocellular carcinomas in patients with cirrhosis. N. Engl. J. Med. 1996; 334: 693699.
  • 4
    Ota K, Teraoka S, Kawai T. Donor difficulties in Japan and Asian countries. Transplant. Proc. 1995; 27: 8386.
  • 5
    Fan ST, Lo CM, Poon RTP et al. Continuous improvement of survival outcomes of resection of hepatocellular carcinoma: a 20-year experience. Ann. Surg. 2011; 253: 745758.
  • 6
    Shimada M, Takenaka K, Gion T et al. Prognosis of reucrrent hepatcellular carcinoma: a 10-year surgical experience in Japan. Gastroenterology 1996; 111: 720726.
  • 7
    Forner A, Llovet JM, Bruix J. Hepatocellular carcinoma. Lancet 2012; 379: 12451255.
  • 8
    Poon RT, Fan ST, Lo CM, Liu CL, Wong J. Long-term survival and pattern of recurrence after resection of small hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with perserved liver function: implications for a strategy of salvage transplantation. Ann. Surg. 2002; 235: 373382.
  • 9
    Shah SA, Greig PD, Gallinger S et al. Factors associated with early recurrence after resection for hepatocellular carcinoma and outcomes. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 2006; 202: 275283.
  • 10
    Itamoto T, Nakahara H, Tashiro H et al. Indications of partial hepatectomy for transplantable hepatocellular carcinoma with compensated cirrhosis. Am. J. Surg. 2005; 189: 167172.
  • 11
    Kamiyama T, Nakanishi K, Yokoo H et al. Recurrence patterns after hepatectomy of hepatocellular carcinoma: implication of Milan criteria utilization. Ann. Surg. Oncol. 2009; 16: 15601571. doi: 10.245/s10434-009-0407-7.
  • 12
    Facciuto ME, Koneru B, Rocca JP et al. Surgical treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma beyond Milan criteria. Results of liver resection, salvage transplantation, and primary liver transplantation. Ann. Surg. Oncol. 2008; 15: 13831391.
  • 13
    De Giorgio M, Vezzoli S, Cohen E et al. Prediction of progression-free survival in patients presenting with hepatocellular carcinoma within the Milan criteria. Liver Transpl. 2010; 16: 503512.
  • 14
    Belghiti J, Cortes A, Abdalla EK et al. Resection prior to liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Ann. Surg. 2003; 238: 885892.
  • 15
    Laurent A, Tayar C, Andréoletti M, Lauzet JY, Merle JC, Cherqui D. Laparoscopic liver resection facilitates salvage liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. J. Hepatobiliary Pancreat. Surg. 2009; 16: 310314.
  • 16
    Sala M, Fuster J, Llovet JM et al. High pathological risk of recurrence after surgical resection for hepatocellular carcinoma: an indication for salvage liver transplantation. Liver Transpl. 2004; 10: 12941300.
  • 17
    Ho CM, Lee PH, Chen CL, Ho MC, Wu YM, Hu RH. Long-term outcomes after resection versus transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma within UCSF criteria. Ann. Surg. Oncol. 2012; 19: 826833.
  • 18
    Tranchart H, Chirica M, Sepulveda A et al. Long-term outcomes following aggressive management of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after upfront liver resection. World J. Surg. 2012; 36: 26842691.
  • 19
    Hu Z, Zhou J, Xu X et al. Salvage liver transplantation is a reasonable option for selected patients who have recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after liver resection. PLoS ONE 2012; 7: e36587.
  • 20
    Adam R, Azoulay D, Castaing D et al. Liver resection as a bridge to transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma on cirrhosis: a reasonable strategy? Ann. Surg. 2003; 238: 508518.
  • 21
    Cherqui D, Laurent A, Mocellin N et al. Liver resection for transplantable hepatocellular carcinoma: long-term survival and role of secondary liver transplantation. Ann. Surg. 2009; 250: 738746.
  • 22
    Concejero A, Chen CL, Wang CC et al. Living donor liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma: a single-center experience in Taiwan. Transplantation 2008; 85: 398406.
  • 23
    De Carlis L, Di Sandro S, Giacomoni A et al. Liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after liver resection: why deny this chance of cure? J. Clin. Gastroenterol. 2013; 47: 352358.
  • 24
    Del Gaudio M, Ercolani G, Ravaioli M et al. Liver transplantation for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma on cirrhosis after liver resection: University of Bologna experience. Am. J. Transplant. 2008; 8: 11771185.
  • 25
    Fuks D, Dokmak S, Paradis V, Diouf M, Durand F, Belghiti J. Benefit of initial resection of hepatocellular carcinoma followed by transplantation in case of recurrence: an intention-to-treat analysis. Hepatology 2012; 55: 132140.
  • 26
    Hwang S, Lee SG, Moon DB et al. Salvage living donor liver transplantation after prior liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver Transpl. 2007; 13: 741746.
  • 27
    Kaido T, Mori A, Ogura Y et al. Living donor liver transplantation for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after liver resection. Surgery 2012; 151: 5560.
  • 28
    Kim BW, Park YK, Kim YB, Wang HJ, Kim MW. Salvage liver transplantation for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after liver resection: feasibility of the Milan criteria and operative risk. Transplant. Proc. 2008; 40: 35583561.
  • 29
    Liu F, Wei Y, Wang W et al. Salvage liver transplantation for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma within UCSF criteria after liver resection. PLoS ONE 2012; 7: e48932.
  • 30
    Moon JI, Kwon CH, Joh JW et al. Primary versus salvage living donor liver transplantation for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma: impact of microvascular invasion on survival. Transplant. Proc. 2012; 44: 487493.
  • 31
    Ng KK, Lo CM, Liu CL, Poon RT, Chan SC, Fan ST. Survival analysis of patients with transplantable recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma: implications for salvage liver transplant. Arch. Surg. 2008; 143: 6874.
  • 32
    Sapisochin G, Bilbao I, Balsells J et al. Optimization of liver transplantation as a treatment of intrahepatic hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence after partial liver resection: experience of a single European series. World J. Surg. 2010; 34: 21462154.
  • 33
    Shao Z, Lopez R, Shen B, Yang GS. Orthotopic liver transplantation as a rescue operation for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after partial hepatectomy. World J. Gastroenterol. 2008; 14: 43704376.
  • 34
    Vennarecci G, Ettorre GM, Antonini M et al. First-line liver resection and salvage liver transplantation are increasing therapeutic strategies for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and child a cirrhosis. Transplant. Proc. 2007; 39: 18571860.
  • 35
    Wu L, Hu A, Tam N et al. Salvage liver transplantation for patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma after curative resection. PLoS ONE 2012; 7: e41820.
  • 36
    Maggs JR, Suddle AR, Aluvihare V, Heneghan MA. Systematic review: the role of liver transplantation in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma. Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. 2012; 35: 11131134.
  • 37
    Scatton O, Zalinski S, Terris B et al. Hepatocellular carcinoma developed on compensated cirrhosis: resection as a selection tool for liver transplantation. Liver Transpl. 2008; 14: 779788.
  • 38
    Tanaka H, Kubo S, Tsukamoto T et al. Recurrence rate and transplantability after liver resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who initially met transplantation criteria. Transplant. Proc. 2005; 37: 12541256.
  • 39
    Hu MZG, Xu D, Liu R. Laparoscopic repeat resection of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma. World J. Surg. 2011; 35: 648655.
  • 40
    Huang ZY, Liang BY, Xiong M et al. Long-term outcomes of repeat hepatic resection in patients with recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma and analysis of recurrent types and their prognosis: a single-center experience in china. Ann. Surg. Oncol. 2012; 19: 25152525.
  • 41
    Shabahang M, Franceschi D, Yamashiki N et al. Comparison of hepatic resection and hepatic transplantation in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma among cirrhotic patients. Ann. Surg. Oncol. 2002; 9: 881886.
  • 42
    Cucchetti A, Vitale A, Gaudio MD et al. Harm and benefits of primary liver resection and salvage transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma. Am. J. Transplant. 2010; 10: 619627.
  • 43
    Chan DL, Morris DL, Chua TC. Clinical efficacy and predictors of outcomes of repeat hepatectomy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma—a systematic review. Surg. Oncol. 2013; 22: e2330. doi: 10.1016/j.suronc.2013.02.009. [Epub ahead of print].
  • 44
    Chan AC, Chan SC, Chok KS et al. Treatment strategy for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma: salvage transplantation, repeated resection, or radiofrequency ablation? Liver Transpl. 2013; 19: 411419.
  • 45
    Yu CY, Ou HY, Huang TL et al. Hepatocellular carcinoma downstaging in liver transplantation. Transplant. Proc. 2012; 44: 412414.
  • 46
    Kim JM, Kwon CH, Joh JW et al. Effectiveness of locoregional therapy before living donor liver transplantation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who meet the Milan criteria. Transplant. Proc. 2012; 44: 403408.