Variation in the Prevalence of Sarcopenia and Sarcopenic Obesity in Older Adults Associated with Different Research Definitions: Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2004
Version of Record online: 6 MAY 2013
© 2013, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2013, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 61, Issue 6, pages 974–980, June 2013
How to Cite
Batsis, J. A., Barre, L. K., Mackenzie, T. A., Pratt, S. I., Lopez-Jimenez, F. and Bartels, S. J. (2013), Variation in the Prevalence of Sarcopenia and Sarcopenic Obesity in Older Adults Associated with Different Research Definitions: Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999–2004. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61: 974–980. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12260
- Issue online: 14 JUN 2013
- Version of Record online: 6 MAY 2013
- sarcopenic obesity;
To determine the prevalence range for sarcopenic obesity and its relationship with sex, age, and ethnicity.
Cross-sectional analysis of a population-based sample.
Noninstitutionalized persons in the United States participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 1999–2004.
Subsample of 4,984 subjects aged 60 and older with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry body composition data.
Eight definitions of sarcopenic obesity identified from six studies found using a systematic literature review (Baumgartner, Bouchard, Davison, Zoico, Levine, Kim-1,2,3) were applied to the sample. Results were stratified according to sex, age, and ethnicity.
Prevalence of sarcopenic obesity ranged from 4.4% to 84.0% in men and from 3.6% to 94.0% in women. Prevalence was higher in men using definitions from Baumgartner (17.9% vs 13.3%, P < .001), Levine (14.2% vs 6.6%, P < .001), and Kim-1 (30.0% vs 9.3%, P < .001); lower for men using the Davison (4.4% vs 11.1%, P < .001) and Kim-2 (83.7% vs 94.0%) definitions; and the same for men and women using the Bouchard (45.3% vs 44.3%, P = .32) and Kim-3 (75.6% vs 77.0%, P = .51) definitions. For all but one definition, sarcopenic obesity increased with each decade and was lower in non-Hispanic blacks than whites.
Prevalence of sarcopenic obesity in older adults varies up to 26-fold depending on current research definitions. Such a high degree of variability suggests the need to establish consensus criteria that can be reliably applied across clinical and research settings.