Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Physical Health, and Lifestyle in Older Adults
Article first published online: 27 MAY 2013
© 2013, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2013, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 61, Issue 6, pages 882–887, June 2013
How to Cite
J Am Geriatr Soc 2013.
- Issue published online: 14 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 27 MAY 2013
- attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder;
- physical health;
- older adults
To increase insight into the effect of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on health in general in older adults.
Two-phase sampling side-study.
Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA).
Two hundred twenty-three randomly selected LASA respondents.
Information was collected during home visits on physical health, medication use, and lifestyle characteristics in Phase 1 and on ADHD diagnosis in Phase 2. The associations between independant variables and ADHD were examined with linear and logistic regression analyses.
The adjusted regression estimates of the linear regression analysis showed that the number of ADHD symptoms was positively associated with the presence of chronic nonspecific lung diseases (CNSLD) (B = 2.58, P = .02), cardiovascular diseases (B = 2.18, P = .02), and number of chronic diseases (B = 0.69, P = .04) and negatively associated with self-perceived health (B = −2.83, P = .002). Lifestyle is not a mediator of the association between ADHD and physical health.
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in older adults was associated with chronic physical illness and poorer self-perceived health. Contrary to expectations, there were no associations between symptoms of ADHD and lifestyle variables.