Get access

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Physical Health, and Lifestyle in Older Adults

Authors

  • Evert J. Semeijn MSc,

    Corresponding author
    1. Expertise Centre Adult ADHD, PsyQ, The Hague, The Netherlands
    • Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center and GGZ inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • J.J. Sandra Kooij MD, PhD,

    1. Expertise Centre Adult ADHD, PsyQ, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Hannie C. Comijs PhD,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center and GGZ inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Marieke Michielsen MSc,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center and GGZ inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    2. Expertise Centre Adult ADHD, PsyQ, The Hague, The Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dorly J.H. Deeg PhD,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center and GGZ inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    2. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Aartjan T.F. Beekman MD, PhD

    1. Department of Psychiatry, VU University Medical Center and GGZ inGeest, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Search for more papers by this author

Address correspondence to Evert Semeijn, VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam, LASA, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081BT Amsterdam, the Netherlands. E-mail: e.semeijn@vumc.nl

Abstract

Objectives

To increase insight into the effect of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on health in general in older adults.

Design

Two-phase sampling side-study.

Setting

Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam (LASA).

Participants

Two hundred twenty-three randomly selected LASA respondents.

Measurements

Information was collected during home visits on physical health, medication use, and lifestyle characteristics in Phase 1 and on ADHD diagnosis in Phase 2. The associations between independant variables and ADHD were examined with linear and logistic regression analyses.

Results

The adjusted regression estimates of the linear regression analysis showed that the number of ADHD symptoms was positively associated with the presence of chronic nonspecific lung diseases (CNSLD) (B = 2.58, = .02), cardiovascular diseases (B = 2.18, = .02), and number of chronic diseases (B = 0.69, = .04) and negatively associated with self-perceived health (B = −2.83, = .002). Lifestyle is not a mediator of the association between ADHD and physical health.

Conclusion

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in older adults was associated with chronic physical illness and poorer self-perceived health. Contrary to expectations, there were no associations between symptoms of ADHD and lifestyle variables.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary