Effect of Nurse Practitioner Comanagement on the Care of Geriatric Conditions
- [Editorial comments by Barbara Resnick, PhD, CRNP, FAAN, AGSF pp 1019–1021]
Address correspondence to David B. Reuben, Division of Geriatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, 10945 Le Conte Ave., Suite 2339, Los Angeles, CA 90095. E-mail: email@example.com
To determine whether community-based primary care physician (PCP)–nurse practitioner (NP) comanagement implementing the Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders (ACOVE)-2 model: (case finding, delegation of data collection, structured visit notes, physician and patient education, and linkage to community resources) can improve the quality of care for geriatric conditions.
Two community-based primary care practices.
Patients aged 75 and older who screened positive for at least one condition: falls, urinary incontinence (UI), dementia, and depression.
The ACOVE-2 model augmented by NP comanagement of conditions.
Quality of care according to medical record review using ACOVE-3 quality indicators (QIs). Individuals receiving comanagement were compared with those who received PCP care alone in the same practices.
Of 1,084 screened individuals, 658 (61%) screened positive for more than one condition; 485 of these were randomly selected for chart review and triggered a mean of seven QIs. A NP saw 49% for comanagement. Overall, individuals received 57% of recommended care. Quality scores for all conditions (falls, 80% vs 34%; UI, 66% vs 19%; dementia, 59% vs 38%) except depression (63% vs 60%) were higher for individuals who saw a NP. In analyses adjusted for sex and age of patient, number of conditions, site, and a NP estimate of medical management style, NP comanagement remained significantly associated with receiving recommended care (P < .001), as did NP estimate of medical management style (P = .02).
NP comanagement is associated with better quality of care for geriatric conditions in community-based primary care than usual care using the ACOVE-2 model.