[Editorial comments by Kirk I. Erickson, pp. 2038–2039]
Objectively Measured Physical Activity Is Related to Cognitive Function in Older Adults
Article first published online: 12 NOV 2013
© 2013, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2013, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 61, Issue 11, pages 1927–1931, November 2013
How to Cite
Kerr, J., Marshall, S. J., Patterson, R. E., Marinac, C. R., Natarajan, L., Rosenberg, D., Wasilenko, K. and Crist, K. (2013), Objectively Measured Physical Activity Is Related to Cognitive Function in Older Adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 61: 1927–1931. doi: 10.1111/jgs.12524
- Issue published online: 12 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 12 NOV 2013
- National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Grant Number: R01 HL098425
- National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Grant Number: 5 T32 GM084896
- physical activity;
- older adults
To explore the relationship between cognitive functioning and time spent at different intensities of physical activity (PA) in free-living older adults.
Cross sectional analyses.
Continuing care retirement communities.
Older adults residing in seven continuing care retirement communities in San Diego County with an average age of 83; 70% were female, and 35% had a graduate-level education (N = 217).
PA was measured objectively using hip worn accelerometers with data aggregated to the minute level. Three cut points were used to assess low light-intensity PA (LLPA), high light-intensity PA (HLPA), and moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA). The Trail Making Test (TMT) Parts A and B were completed, and time for each test (seconds) and time for Part B minus time for Part A (seconds) were used as measures of cognitive function. Variables were log-transformed and entered into linear regression models adjusting for demographic factors (age, education, sex) and other PA intensity variables.
LLPA was not related to any TMT test score. HLPA was significantly related to TMT A, B, and B minus A but only in unadjusted models. MVPA was related to TMT B and B minus A after adjusting for demographic variables.
There may be a dose response between PA intensity and cognitive functioning in older adults. The stronger findings supporting a relationship between MVPA and cognitive functioning are consistent with previous observational and intervention studies.