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Keywords:

  • mild cognitive impairment;
  • prevalence;
  • risk factors;
  • lifestyle;
  • leisure activities

Objectives

To estimate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Beijing, China, and to explore the potential protective and risk factors for MCI.

Design

Population-based survey.

Setting

The Beijing Ageing Brain Rejuvenation Initiative (BABRI).

Participants

Participants randomly recruited from BABRI (N = 1,211).

Measurements

Participants underwent a battery of neuropsychological examinations to determine cognitive function and answered a series of personal questions. The prevalence of MCI and its subtypes were computed using Petersen's criteria. Influencing factors for MCI were estimated based on participant medical history, lifestyle, diet, and leisure activities.

Results

One thousand twenty (aged >55, mean 63.9 ± 6.6; 36.7% male) subjects completed the neuropsychological tests. The overall prevalence of MCI was 15.7%, with single-domain amnestic, multiple-domain amnestic, and nonamnestic subtype prevalences of 6.4%, 3.7%, and 5.6%, respectively. Eight hundred sixty-four subjects were used for the case–control analysis. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cerebrovascular disease were found to be associated with MCI. Healthy diet and greater involvement in physical, intellectual, and social activities were associated with a lower risk of MCI.

Conclusion

The prevalence of MCI was compatible with that found in previous published reports, and the information on the epidemiology of MCI, especially risk factors, may help to explore therapeutic strategies and preventive approaches to delay conversion to dementia.