Comparing the effectiveness of a multi-component weight loss intervention in adults with and without intellectual disabilities
Article first published online: 26 MAR 2013
© 2013 The Authors Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics © 2013 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume 27, Issue 1, pages 22–29, February 2014
How to Cite
2013) Comparing the effectiveness of a multi-component weight loss intervention in adults with and without intellectual disabilities. J Hum Nutr Diet. 27, 22–29 doi: 10.1111/jhn.12051, , , (
- Issue published online: 27 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 26 MAR 2013
- intellectual disabilities;
- weight loss
The prevalence of obesity in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) is rising, although the evidence base for its treatment in this population group is minimal. Weight management interventions that are accessible to adults with ID will reduce the inequalities that they frequently experience in health services. This short report compared the effectiveness of weight management in those with and without ID who completed nine sessions of a multi-component weight management programme.
TAKE 5 is a 16-week multi-component weight management intervention for adults with ID and obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg m–2]. This intervention is an adaption of the weight management programme provided by the Glasgow & Clyde Weight Management Service (GCWMS) for adults without ID and obesity (National Health Service based). Fifty-two participants of the TAKE 5 programme were individually matched by baseline characteristics (sex, age and BMI) with two participants without ID of the GCWMS programme. Comparisons in terms of weight and BMI change and rate of weight loss were made for those who attended all nine sessions.
There were no significant differences between the groups in the amount of weight loss (median: −3.6 versus −3.8 kg, respectively, P = 0.4), change in BMI (median: −1.5 versus −1.4 kg m–2, P = 0.9), success of achieving 5% weight loss (41.3% versus 36.8%, P = 0.9) and rate of weight loss across the 16-week intervention.
A multi-component weight loss intervention can be equally effective for adults with and without ID and obesity.