Nutrition claims in British women's magazines from 1940 to 1955
Article first published online: 23 APR 2013
© 2013 The Authors Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics © 2013 The British Dietetic Association Ltd.
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume 27, Issue Supplement s2, pages 117–123, April 2014
How to Cite
2014) Nutrition claims in British women's magazines from 1940 to 1955. J Hum Nutr Diet. 27, (suppl. 1) 117–123. doi: 10.1111/jhn.12075& (
- Issue published online: 26 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 23 APR 2013
- Changing Families, Changing Food programme. Grant Number: F/00118/AQ
- British women's magazines;
- diet advice;
- food policy;
- World War II
The present study examined dietary messages conveyed in articles and advertising in two popular British women's magazines, Woman and Home and Woman's Own, between 1940 and 1954.
A qualitative analysis of written content was performed, focusing on regularities evident in content, and addressing the construction of the role of women in relation to food provision, as well as assertions for nutritional health. The setting comprised a desk-based study. The study sample encompassed 37 magazines, and yielded a corpus of 569 articles concerned with food or dietary supplements, of which 80.1% were advertisements.
Ministry of Food dietary advice featured prominently up to 1945 and advocated food consumption according to a simple nutrient classification. Advertising and article content also used this classification; advocating consumption of food and supplements on the grounds of energy, growth and protection of health was customary. Providing food to meet nutritional needs was depicted as fundamental to women's war effort and their role as dutiful housewives. Advertising in 1950s magazines also focused on nutritional claims, with a particular emphasis on energy provision.
These claims reflected the prevailing food policy and scientific understanding of nutritional health. This analysis of food messages in women's magazines provides lessons for contemporary nutrition policy.