Prevalence and associated factors of gingival recession in Greek adults


  • Nikolaos A. Chrysanthakopoulos

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery, 401 General Military Hospital of Athens, Athens, Greece
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Dr Nikolaos A. Chrysanthakopoulos, 35 Zaimi Street, Patra 26223, Greece.

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The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to estimate gingival recession (GR) prevalence and associated risk factors in young Greek adults.


The study population consisted of 420 young adults (200 males and 220 females). All individuals were clinically examined and answered questions regarding their smoking status, educational level, and oral hygiene practices. In addition, the association between GR and the following aspects was assessed: sex, smoking status, educational level, plaque index, gingival index, calculus presence, and plaque control methods. Statistical analysis of data was accomplished using the multivariate linear regression analysis model.


The average number of GR overall was 1.38 mm (standard deviation: 0.18 mm). Gingival index (P = 0.000) and smoking (P = 0.01) were the most important associated risk factors of GR, while sex, oral hygiene practices, presence of supragingival calculus, educational level, and plaque index were not significantly associated with it.


Gingival inflammation, as determined by the gingival index, and smoking were the most important associated risk factors of GR.