Permanent maxillary canines – review of eruption pattern and local etiological factors leading to impaction


  • Anand K. Sajnani

    Corresponding author
    1. KIMS Qatar Medical Centre, Wakra, Qatar
    • Correspondence

      Dr Anand K. Sajnani, Specialist – Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, KIMS Qatar Medical Centre, Abdulrahman Bin Jassim Al Thani Street, P.O. Box 82125, Wakra, Qatar.

      Tel: +974-30181952


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The position of the permanent maxillary canine at the angle of the mouth is strategically significant in maintaining the harmony and symmetry of the occlusal relationship. However, the maxillary canine is the second most frequently impacted tooth, with prevalence reported to be between 1% and 2%. Moreover, treatment of this condition is often complex and involves substantial time and financial cost. Hence, it is only prudent to monitor the eruption and identify the etiological factors that lead to impaction of the maxillary canine. Numerous researchers have tried to identify specific and nonspecific etiological factors responsible for displacement of canines. The purpose of this review was to track the development processes of maxillary canines and determine the hindrances that affect the eruption at different ages. Awareness of the eruption process and etiology of noneruption will help to reduce the incidence of impacted canines by allowing for early recognition and interceptive treatment.