Effect of home bleaching on the mechanical properties of resin luting cements using Hertzian indentation test

Authors

  • Rafat Bagheri,

    1. Department of Dental Materials and Biomaterial Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
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  • Mahroo Vojdani,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Dental Materials and Biomaterial Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
    • Correspondence

      Professor M. Vojdani, Department of Dental Materials, Faculty of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Ghasrodasht, Ghomabad Street, Shiraz 5878, Iran.

      Tel: +98-711-628-0119

      Fax: +98-711-627-0325

      Email: bagherir@unimelb.edu.au

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  • Sara Mogharabi,

    1. Department of Prosthodontics and Biomaterial Research Centre, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
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  • Michael F. Burrow

    1. Department of Oral Diagnosis and Polyclinics, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hong Kong, Prince Philip Dental Hospital, Hong Kong, China
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Abstract

Aim

The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of immersion time and 10% carbamide peroxide treatment using a Hertzian indentation test after placing resin-based cements into 37°C distilled water, with and without 10% carbamide peroxide.

Methods

Disc-shaped specimens (10-mm diameter × 1-mm thick), were prepared from five resin-based cements; seT PP, Maxcem Elite, RelyX Unicem, Panavia F, and G-Cem. The specimens of each material were randomly divided into three groups of six. The study groups were bleached with 10% carbamide peroxide on one surface for 21 days for 2 h per day. Two control groups were kept in distilled water for either 24 h or 21 days. A load was applied to the center of the disc using a hard, steel ball. The load at the first crack was recorded.

Results

Significant differences were observed between the cements. seT PP showed the highest strength, and G-Cem the lowest. Differences between the treatment and control groups were statistically significant for all cements, except Panavia F.

Conclusions

The effect of 10% carbamide peroxide treatment reduces cement strength, which could be important for patients undergoing bleaching who have crowns.

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