Cognitive behavioural therapy for chronic pain in people with an intellectual disability: a case series using components of the Feeling Better programme
Article first published online: 6 FEB 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd, MENCAP & IASSIDD
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume 58, Issue 3, pages 296–306, March 2014
How to Cite
McManus, S., Treacy, M. and McGuire, B. E. (2014), Cognitive behavioural therapy for chronic pain in people with an intellectual disability: a case series using components of the Feeling Better programme. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 58: 296–306. doi: 10.1111/jir.12018
- Issue published online: 17 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 6 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 DEC 2012
- cognitive behavioural therapy;
- intellectual disability;
- pain management;
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in assisting people to cope with chronic pain. However, this approach has not been systematically evaluated with people with an intellectual disability (ID). This pilot study sought to examine the feasibility and clinical utility of CBT for people with an ID, using elements of a manualised CBT pain management programme called Feeling Better.
Five people with chronic pain who were functioning within the mild range of ID received a modified, individual eight-session cognitive behavioural intervention aimed at development of pain management skills. The participants' scores on a range of measures (pain management knowledge, pain self-efficacy, use of pain coping strategies and effectiveness of coping strategies) were compared pre-intervention, post-intervention and at 1-month follow-up.
The results indicated that participant scores on pain management knowledge, wellness-focused coping and effectiveness of coping increased following the intervention. However, these gains were generally not maintained at follow-up.
We concluded that CBT has potential utility for pain management in people with an ID, but that it requires a trial of a more intensive and prolonged intervention with the systematic involvement of care givers.