Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) attend typically to faces and objects presented within their picture communication systems
Article first published online: 19 APR 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd, MENCAP & IASSIDD
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume 58, Issue 5, pages 459–470, May 2014
How to Cite
Gillespie-Smith, K., Riby, D. M., Hancock, P. J. B. and Doherty-Sneddon, G. (2014), Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) attend typically to faces and objects presented within their picture communication systems. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 58: 459–470. doi: 10.1111/jir.12043
- Issue published online: 10 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 19 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 MAR 2013
- University of Stirling
- autism spectrum disorder;
- cognitive behaviour;
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may require interventions for communication difficulties. One type of intervention is picture communication symbols which are proposed to improve comprehension of linguistic input for children with ASD. However, atypical attention to faces and objects is widely reported across the autism spectrum for several types of stimuli.
In this study we used eye-tracking methodology to explore fixation duration and time taken to fixate on the object and face areas within picture communication symbols. Twenty-one children with ASD were compared with typically developing matched groups.
Children with ASD were shown to have similar fixation patterns on face and object areas compared with typically developing matched groups.
It is proposed that children with ASD attend to the images in a manner that does not differentiate them from typically developing individuals. Therefore children with and without autism have the same opportunity to encode the available information. We discuss what this may imply for interventions using picture symbols.