Evaluating a health behaviour model for persons with and without an intellectual disability
Article first published online: 30 APR 2013
© 2013 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume 58, Issue 6, pages 495–507, June 2014
How to Cite
Brehmer-Rinderer, B., Zigrovic, L. and Weber, G. (2014), Evaluating a health behaviour model for persons with and without an intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 58: 495–507. doi: 10.1111/jir.12046
- Issue published online: 1 MAY 2014
- Article first published online: 30 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 APR 2013
- disability perception;
- health behaviour model;
- health behaviour;
- illness perception;
- intellectual disabilities;
- personal perception
Based on the idea of the Common Sense Model of Illness Representations by Leventhal as well as Lohaus's concepts of health and illness, a health behaviour model was designed to explain health behaviours applied by persons with intellectual disabilities (ID). The key proposal of this model is that the way someone understands the concepts of health, illness and disability influences the way they perceive themselves and what behavioural approaches to them they take.
To test this model and explain health differences between the general population and person with ID, 230 people with ID and a comparative sample of 533 persons without ID were included in this Austrian study. Data were collected on general socio-demographics, personal perceptions of illness and disability, perceptions of oneself and health-related behaviours.
Psychometric analysis of the instruments used showed that they were valid and reliable and hence can provide a valuable tool for studying health-related issues in persons with and without ID. With respect to the testing of the suggested health model, two latent variables were defined in accordance to the theory. The general model fit was evaluated by calculating different absolute and descriptive fit indices. Most indices indicated an acceptable model fit for all samples.
This study presents the first attempt to explore the systematic differences in health behaviour between people with and without ID based on a suggested health model. Limitations of the study as well as implications for practice and future research are discussed.