Family well-being in a participant-directed autism waiver program: the role of relational coordination
Article first published online: 25 NOV 2013
© 2013 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume 58, Issue 12, pages 1091–1104, December 2014
How to Cite
Warfield, M. E., Chiri, G., Leutz, W. N. and Timberlake, M. (2014), Family well-being in a participant-directed autism waiver program: the role of relational coordination. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 58: 1091–1104. doi: 10.1111/jir.12102
- Issue published online: 18 OCT 2014
- Article first published online: 25 NOV 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 OCT 2013
- Maternal & Child Health Bureau, HRSA. Grant Number: R40MC15598
- autism waiver program;
- parenting stress;
- participant direction;
- relational coordination
Massachusetts is one of a very limited number of states exclusively employing participant-direction to deliver autism waiver services to children. A crucial element of this waiver program is the work conducted by the state's Department of Developmental Services (DDS) staff and state-approved providers with waiver families to facilitate the implementation of the participant-direction model. Our study investigates the effect of the collaboration between state providers and family caregivers on family well-being.
We conducted a survey of 74 families who have been utilising waiver services for at least 6 months. Participants were asked to rate the coordination with providers as well as to report on parenting stress and impact of waiver services on family functioning. Data from in-home child and family assessments conducted by the state were also abstracted from program records.
After controlling for a host of variables hypothesised to affect the outcomes of interest, we found that the family's view of how well they coordinated with formal providers is significantly associated all of the outcomes. Families who reported greater coordination with state providers experienced lower parenting stress and reported a more positive impact on family functioning. Child externalising behavioural problems and caregiver's health rating also contributed to parenting stress and family functioning.
Our findings highlight the importance of establishing a collaborative partnership with waiver families in promoting family well-being. These results suggest that training and/or resources that foster team building and communication can positively impact family functioning among families with young children with autism.