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Keywords:

  • congenital scoliosis;
  • Macaca mulatta ;
  • radiologic studies and tomography scan;
  • somatosensory-evoked potentials of the tibial nerve

Abstract

Background

Congenital scoliosis (CS) is defined as lateral curvatures of the spine provoked by the anomalous development of the vertebral bodies. It is associated with neuromuscular anomalies, which can be genetic, caused by the compensation of discrepancies in the length of the extremities or intrarachidian anomalies.

Methods

This study was carried out in 2-year-old female, showed alterations in the gait, mainly in the hind limbs, a clumsy gait and a slight claudication in the right hindlimb. To perform the imaging study were: X-Ray projections and Computerized Axial Tomography, neurophysiological evaluation was performed by means somatosensory-evoked potentials of the tibial nerve (SEPTN).

Results

The results showed an enlargement of the latencies from the L5 to the cortex, mainly in the left afference, correlated with the imaging studies.

Conclusions

There is no doubt that the concurrent use of different diagnostic tools complements knowledge regarding the physiopathogenesis of these osteopathologies.