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Historical Reflection on Health Promotion Within Midwifery Care in the United States


Address correspondence to Linda V. Walsh, CNM, PhD, MPH, 200 Alamo Avenue, Santa Cruz, CA 95060. E-mail:


Heath promotion has become recognized as a vital component of health care delivery. It is well known that the traditional model of medical care delivery is limited by its focus on diagnosis of illness and treatment. The integration of public health concepts of prevention and health promotion offers depth and breadth of care that is associated with attaining optimal health status. This review offers a historical reflection on the early and continued integration of health promotion activities in midwifery care in the United States.