Puerperal genital tract infections, although less common in the 21st century, continue to affect maternal mortality and morbidity rates in the United States. Puerperal genital tract infections include endometritis as well as abdominal and perineal wound infections. These infections interrupt postpartum restoration, increase the potential for readmission to a health care facility, and can interfere with maternal-infant bonding. In addition, unrecognized or improperly treated genital tract infection could extend to other sites via venous circulation or the lymphatic system and increase the risk of severe complications or sepsis. Midwives are leaders in education, low rates of intervention, and prompt recognition of deviation from normal. Because puerperal genital tract infection usually begins after discharge, detailed education for women will encourage preventative health care, prompt recognition, and treatment.