• 1
    Cheyney M, Moore E, Simkins G. Public education and the Midwives Alliance of North America: giving birth to “Mothers Naturally.” In: O'Reilly A, ed. The 21st Century Motherhood Movement: Activist Mothers Speak Out on Why We Need to Change the World and How to do it. Toronto, ON, Canada: Demeter Press; 2011:27-42.
  • 2
    About CAM. Canadian Association of Midwives Accessed January 27, 2013.
  • 3
    Midwifery. Center for the Adolescents of San Miguel de Allende. Accessed January 27, 2013.
  • 4
    World Health Organization. Care in Normal Birth: A Practical Guide. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 1996.
  • 5
    Supporting healthy and normal physiologic childbirth: A consensus statement by the American College of Nurse-Midwives, Midwives Alliance of North America, and the National Association of Certified Professional Midwives. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2012;57(5):529-532.
  • 6
    Kennedy HP, Grant J, Walton C, Shaw-Battista J, Sandall J. Normalizing birth in England: A qualitative study. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2010;55(3):262-269.
  • 7
    Romano AM, Lothian JA. Promoting, protecting, and supporting normal birth: A look at the evidence. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs JOGNN NAACOG. 2008;37(1):94-104.
  • 8
    Sakala C, Corry M. Evidence-based Maternity Care: What it is and What it Can Achieve. New York, NY: Milbank Memorial Fund; 2008.
  • 9
    Halpern S. SOGC joint policy statement on normal childbirth. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2009;31(7):602-603.
  • 10
    Wier L, Andrews R. The national hospital bill: The most expensive conditions by payer, 2008. In: HCUP Statistical Brief #107. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2011:1-12.
  • 11
    Central Intelligence Agency. CIA World Factbook. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency; 2012.
  • 12
    Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Ventura SJ, Osterman MJK, Wilson S, Mathews TJ. Births: Final data for 2010. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2012;61(1):1-72.
  • 13
    World Health Organization. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990–2010. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2012.
  • 14
    Blanchette H. The rising cesarean delivery rate in America: What are the consequences? Obstet Gynecol. 2011;118(3):687-690.
  • 15
    Galyean AM, Lagrew DC, Bush MC, Kurtzman JT. Previous cesarean section and the risk of postpartum maternal complications and adverse neonatal outcomes in future pregnancies. J Perinatol. 2009;29(11):726-730.
  • 16
    Guise JM, Denman MA, Emeis C, et al. Vaginal birth after cesarean. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;115(6):1267-1278.
  • 17
    Menacker F, MacDorman MF, Declercq E. Neonatal mortality risk for repeat cesarean compared to vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) deliveries in the United States, 1998–2002 birth cohorts. Matern Child Health J. 2010;14(2):147-154.
  • 18
    Trevathan W. Evolutionary obstetrics. In: Trevathan W, Smith EO, McKenna J, eds. Evolutionary Medicine. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 1999:183-207.
  • 19
    Davis-Floyd R, Cheyney M. Birth and the big bad wolf: An evolutionary perspective. In: Stone PK, Selin H, eds. Childbirth Across Cultures: Ideas and Practices of Pregnancy, Childbirth and the Postpartum. New York, NY: Springer; 2009:1-22.
  • 20
    Johnson KC, Daviss BA. Outcomes of planned home births with certified professional midwives: Large prospective study in North America. BMJ. 2005;330(7505):14161422.
  • 21
    Stapleton SR. Validation of an online data registry for midwifery practices: a pilot project. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2011;56(5):452-460.
  • 22
    Stapleton SR, Osborne C, Illuzzi J. Outcomes of care in birth centers: demonstration of a durable model. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2013;58(1):3-14.
  • 23
    Cheyney M, Bovbjerg M, Everson C, Gordon W, Hannibal D, Vedam S. Outcomes of care for 16,924 planned home births in the United States The Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project, 2004 to 2009. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2014;59(1):1727.
  • 24
    ACNM Benchmarking Project. American College of Nurse-Midwives Web site. Accessed January 27, 2013.
  • 25
    Collins-Fulea C, Mohr JJ, Tillett J. Improving midwifery practice: The American College of Nurse-Midwives’ benchmarking project. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2005;50(6):461-471.
  • 26
    Gliklich R, Dreyer N, eds. Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes: A User's Guide. 2nd ed. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2010.
  • 27
    The Security Rule. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Web site. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  • 28
    The Privacy Rule. U.S Department of Health and Human Services Web site. Accessed February 14, 2013.
  • 29
    Ackerman B, Harris-Braun E. Normal birth and midwifery data: An innovative web-based data collection system. Paper presented at: Normal Birth: International Research Update, Part I; Chicago, IL; May, 2007.
  • 30
    Grason H, Liao M. Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR): A Strategy for Enhancing Community Efforts to Improve Perinatal Health. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University; 2002.
  • 31
    Women's and Children's Health Policy Center. Fetal and Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) in Brief. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University; 2002.
  • 32
    ICD – ICD-10 – International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. Accessed January 29, 2013.
  • 33
    World Health Organization. The WHO application of ICD-10 to Deaths during Pregnancy, Childbirth and Puerperium: ICD MM. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2012.
  • 34
    Berg C, Danel I, Atrash H, Zane S, Bartlett, eds. Strategies to Reduce Pregnancy-Related Deaths: From Identification and Review to Action. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2001.
  • 35
    Lain SJ, Hadfield RM, Raynes-Greenow CH, et al. Quality of data in perinatal population health databases: A systematic review. Med Care. 2012;50(4):e7-20.
  • 36
    IBM Corporation. SPSS Statistics Version Armonk, NY: IBM Corporation; 2012.
  • 37
    Hostetler J. Hutterite Society. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press; 1997.
  • 38
    MacDorman MF, Mathews TJ, Declercq E. Home births in the United States, 1990–2009. NCHS Data Brief. 2012;84:1-8.
  • 39
    ACOG Committee on Obstetrics Practice. ACOG committee opinion No. 476: Planned home birth. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;117(2 Pt 1):425428.
  • 40
    Declercq ER, Sakala C, Corry MP, Applebaum S. Listening to mothers II: Report of the second national U.S. survey of women's childbearing experiences. J Perinat Educ. 2007;16(4):9-14.
  • 41
    MacDorman MF, Declercq E, Mathews TJ. United States home births increase 20 percent from 2004 to 2008. Birth. 2011;38(3):185-190.
  • 42
    Landis JR, Koch GG. The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics. 1977;33(1):159-174.
  • 43
    Vedam S, Aaker J, Stoll K. Assessing certified nurse-midwives’ attitudes towards planned home birth. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2010;55(2):133-142.
  • 44
    Walker DS, Visger JM, Levi A. Midwifery data collection: options and opportunities. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2008;53(5):421-429.
  • 45
    Lash TL, Mor V, Wieland D, Ferrucci L, Satariano W, Silliman RA. Methodology, design, and analytic techniques to address measurement of comorbid disease. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2007;62(3):281-285.
  • 46
    Stommel M, Wills C. Clinical Research: Concepts and Principles for Advanced Practice Nurses. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2003.