SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abu-Ghazaleh R., Kabir J., Jia H., Lobo M. and Zachary I. (2001) Src mediates stimulation by vascular endothelial growth factor of the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase at tyrosine 861, and migration and anti-apoptosis in endothelial cells. Biochem. J. 360(Pt 1), 255264.
  • Azzouz M., Ralph G. S., Storkebaum E., Walmsley L. E., Mitrophanous K. A., Kingsman S. M., Carmeliet P. and Mazarakis N. D. (2004) VEGF delivery with retrogradely transported lentivector prolongs survival in a mouse ALS model. Nature 429, 413417.
  • Bae D. G., Kim T. D., Li G., Yoon W. H. and Chae C. B. (2005) Anti-flt1 peptide, a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1-specific hexapeptide, inhibits tumor growth and metastasis. Clin. Cancer Res. 11, 26512661.
  • Binétruy-Tournaire R., Demangel C., Malavaud B., Vassy R., Rouyre S., Kraemer M., Plouët J., Derbin C., Perret G. and Mazié J. C. (2000) Identification of a peptide blocking vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis. EMBO J. 19, 15251533.
  • Cazaubon S., Chaverot N., Romero I. A., Girault J. A., Adamson P., Strosberg A. D. and Couraud P. O. (1997) Growth factor activity of endothelin-1 in primary astrocytes mediated by adhesion-dependent and -independent pathways. J. Neurosci. 17, 62036212.
  • Choi J. S., Kim H. Y., Cha J. H., Choi J. Y., Park S. I., Jeong C. H., Jeun S. S. and Lee M. Y. (2007a) Upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors Flt-1 and Flk-1 following acute spinal cord contusion in rats. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 55, 821830.
  • Choi J. S., Kim H. Y., Cha J. H., Choi J. Y., Chun M. H. and Lee M. Y. (2007b) Upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors Flt-1 and Flk-1 in rat hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia. J. Neurotrauma 24, 521531.
  • Cobbs C. S., Chen J., Greenberg D. A. and Graham S. H. (1998) Vascular endothelial growth factor expression in transient focal cerebral ischemia in the rat. Neurosci. Lett. 249, 7982.
  • Freitas-Andrade M., Carmeliet P., Stanimirovic D. B. and Moreno M. (2008) VEGFR-2-mediated increased proliferation and survival in response to oxygen and glucose deprivation in PlGF knockout astrocytes. J. Neurochem. 107, 756767.
  • Gadea A., Schinelli S. and Gallo V. (2008) Endothelin-1 regulates astrocyte proliferation and reactive gliosis via a JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway. J. Neurosci. 28, 23942408.
  • Ishikawa N., Takemura M., Koyama Y., Shigenaga Y., Okada T. and Baba A. (1997) Endothelins promote the activation of astrocytes in rat neostriatum through ETB receptors. Eur. J. Neurosci. 9, 895901.
  • Jin K. L., Mao X. O. and Greenberg D. A. (2000) Vascular endothelial growth factor: direct neuroprotective effect in in vitro ischemia. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 97, 1024210247.
  • Jin K., Zhu Y., Sun Y., Mao X. O., Xie L. and Greenberg D. A. (2002) Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulates neurogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 99, 1194611950.
  • Karimi-Abdolrezaee S. and Billakanti R. (2012) Reactive astrogliosis after spinal cord injury-beneficial and detrimental effects. Mol. Neurobiol. 46, 251264.
  • Kazi A. S., Lotfi S., Goncharova E. A., Tliba O., Amrani Y., Krymskaya V. P. and Lazaar A. L. (2004) Vascular endothelial growth factor-induced secretion of fibronectin is ERK dependent. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 286, L539L545.
  • Kimura R., Nakase H., Tamaki R. and Sakaki T. (2005) Vascular endothelial growth factor antagonist reduces brain edema formation and venous infarction. Stroke 36, 12591263.
  • Koyama Y. (2013) Endothelin systems in the brain: involvement in pathophysiological responses of damaged nerve tissues Biomol. Concepts 4, 335347.
  • Koyama Y. and Michinaga S. (2012) Regulations of astrocytic functions by endothelins: roles in the pathophysiological responses of damaged brains. J. Pharmacol. Sci. 118, 401407.
  • Koyama Y., Takemura M., Fujiki K., Ishikawa N., Shigenaga Y. and Baba A. (1999) BQ788, an endothelin ETB receptor antagonist, attenuates stab wound injury-induced reactive astrocytes in rat brain. Glia 26, 268271.
  • Koyama Y., Tsujikawa K., Matsuda T. and Baba A. (2003) Intracerebroventricular administration of an endothelin ETB receptor agonist increases expressions of GDNF and BDNF in rat brain. Eur. J. Neurosci. 8, 887894.
  • Koyama Y., Yoshioka Y., Shinde M., Matsuda T. and Baba A. (2004) Focal adhesion kinase mediates endothelin-induced cyclin D3 expression in rat cultured astrocytes. J. Neurochem. 90, 904912.
  • Koyama Y., Nagae R., Tokuyama S. and Tanaka K. (2011) I.c.v administration of an endothelin ETB receptor agonist stimulates vascular endothelial growth factor-A production and activates vascular endothelial growth factor receptors in rat brain. Neuroscience 192, 689698.
  • Koyama Y., Maebara Y., Hayashi M., Nagae R., Tokuyama S. and Michinaga S. (2012) Endothelins reciprocally regulate VEGF-A and angiopoietin-1 production in cultured rat astrocytes: implications on astrocytic proliferation. Glia 60, 19541963.
  • Krum J. M. and Khaibullina A. (2003) Inhibition of endogenous VEGF impedes revascularization and astroglial proliferation: roles for VEGF in brain repair. Exp. Neurol. 181, 241257.
  • Krum J. M. and Rosenstein J. M. (1998) VEGF mRNA and its receptor flt-1 are expressed in reactive astrocytes following neural grafting and tumor cell implantation in the adult CNS. Exp. Neurol. 154, 5765.
  • Krum J. M., Mani N. and Rosenstein J. M. (2008) Roles of the endogenous VEGF receptors flt-1 and flk-1 in astroglial and vascular remodeling after brain injury. Exp. Neurol. 212, 108117.
  • Manoonkitiwongsa P. S., Schultz R. L., McCreery D. B., Whitter E. F. and Lyden P. D. (2004) Neuroprotection of ischemic brain by vascular endothelial growth factor is critically dependent on proper dosage and may be compromised by angiogenesis. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 24, 693702.
  • Matsumoto Y., Tanaka K., Hirata G., Hanada M., Matsuda S., Shuto T. and Iwamoto Y. (2002) Possible involvement of the vascular endothelial growth factor-Flt-1-focal adhesion kinase pathway in chemotaxis and the cell proliferation of osteoclast precursor cells in arthritic joints. J. Immunol. 168, 58245831.
  • Miura S., Matsuo Y. and Saku K. (2003) Transactivation of KDR/Flk-1 by the B2 receptor induces tube formation in human coronary endothelial cells. Hypertension 41, 11181123.
  • Nag S., Kapadia A. and Stewart D. J. (2011) Molecular pathogenesis of blood-brain barrier breakdown in acute brain injury. Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol. 37, 323.
  • Ostrow L. W. and Sachs F. (2005) Mechanosensation and endothelin in astrocytes–hypothetical roles in CNS pathophysiology. Brain Res. Brain Res. Rev. 48, 488508.
  • Papavassiliou E., Gogate N., Proescholdt M., Heiss J. D., Walbridge S., Edwards N. A., Oldfield E. H. and Merrill M. J. (1997) Vascular endothelial growth factor (vascular permeability factor) expression in injured rat brain. J. Neurosci. Res. 49, 451460.
  • Park J. M., Shin Y. J., Cho J. M., Choi J. Y., Jeun S. S., Cha J. H. and Lee M. Y. (2013) Upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 in the spinal cord of Lewis rats with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. J. Histochem. Cytochem. 61, 3144.
  • Pekny M. and Nilsson M. (2005) Astrocyte activation and reactive gliosis. Glia 50, 427434.
  • Peters C. M., Rogers S. D., Pomonis J. D., Egnaczyk G. F., Keyser C. P., Schmidt J. A., Ghilardi J. R., Maggio J. E. and Mantyh P. W. (2003) Endothelin receptor expression in the normal and injured spinal cord: potential involvement in injury-induced ischemia and gliosis. Exp. Neurol. 180, 113.
  • Rogers S. D., Peters C. M., Pomonis J. D., Hagiwara H., Ghilardi J. R. and Mantyh P. W. (2003) Endothelin B receptors are expressed by astrocytes and regulate astrocyte hypertrophy in the normal and injured CNS. Glia 41, 180190.
  • Rosenstein J. M., Mani N., Khaibullina A. and Krum J. M. (2003) Neurotrophic effects of vascular endothelial growth factor on organotypic cortical explants and primary cortical neurons. J. Neurosci. 23, 1103611044.
  • Roskoski R., Jr (2008) VEGF receptor protein-tyrosine kinases: structure and regulation. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 375, 287291.
  • Rousseau S., Houle F., Kotanides H., Witte L., Waltenberger J., Landry J. and Huot J. (2000) Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-driven actin-based motility is mediated by VEGFR2 and requires concerted activation of stress-activated protein kinase 2 (SAPK2/p38) and geldanamycin-sensitive phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase. J. Biol. Chem. 275, 1066110672.
  • Roy H., Bhardwaj S. and Ylä-Herttuala S. (2006) Biology of vascular endothelial growth factors. FEBS Lett. 580, 28792887.
  • Schmid-Brunclik N., Bürgi-Taboada C., Antoniou X., Gassmann M. and Ogunshola O. O. (2008) Astrocyte responses to injury: VEGF simultaneously modulates cell death and proliferation. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. 295, R864R873.
  • Shibuya M. (2006) Differential roles of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 and receptor-2 in angiogenesis. J. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 39, 469478.
  • Shibuya M. (2009) Brain angiogenesis in developmental and pathological processes: therapeutic aspects of vascular endothelial growth factor. FEBS J. 276, 46364643.
  • Shin Y. J., Choi J. S., Lee J. Y., Choi J. Y., Cha J. H., Chun M. H. and Lee M. Y. (2008) Differential regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor-C and its receptor in the rat hippocampus following transient forebrain ischemia. Acta Neuropathol. 116, 517527.
  • Shin Y. J., Choi J. S., Choi J. Y., Hou Y., Cha J. H., Chun M. H. and Lee M. Y. (2010) Induction of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 mRNA in glial cells following focal cerebral ischemia in rats. J. Neuroimmunol. 229, 8190.
  • Sköld M. K., von Gertten C., Sandberg-Nordqvist A. C., Mathiesen T. and Holmin S. (2005) VEGF and VEGF receptor expression after experimental brain contusion in rat. J. Neurotrauma 22, 353367.
  • Sofroniew M. V. (2009) Molecular dissection of reactive astrogliosis and glial scar formation. Trends Neurosci. 32, 638647.
  • Spinella F., Caprara V., Di Castro V., Rosanò L., Cianfrocca R., Natali P. G. and Bagnato A. (2013) Endothelin-1 induces the transactivation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 and modulates cell migration and vasculogenic mimicry in melanoma cells. J. Mol. Med. 91, 395405.
  • Swendeman S., Mendelson K., Weskamp G., Horiuchi K., Deutsch U., Scherle P., Hooper A., Rafii S. and Blobel C. P. (2008) VEGF-A stimulates ADAM17-dependent shedding of VEGFR2 and crosstalk between VEGFR2 and ERK signaling. Circ. Res. 103, 916918.
  • Teixeira A., Chaverot N., Strosberg A. D. and Cazaubon S. (2000) Differential regulation of cyclin D1 and D3 expression in the control of astrocyte proliferation induced by endothelin-1. J. Neurochem. 74, 10341040.
  • Wang W. Y., Dong J. H., Liu X., Wang Y., Ying G. X., Ni Z. M. and Zhou C. F. (2005) Vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor Flk-1 are expressed in the hippocampus following entorhinal deafferentation. Neuroscience 134, 11671178.
  • Wilhelmsson U., Li L., Pekna M. et al. (2004) Absence of glial fibrillary acidic protein and vimentin prevents hypertrophy of astrocytic processes and improves post-traumatic regeneration. J. Neurosci. 24, 50165021.
  • Wittko-Schneider I. M., Schneider F. T. and Plate K. H. (2013) Brain homeostasis: VEGF receptor 1 and 2-two unequal brothers in mind. Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 70, 17051725.
  • Xiao Z., Kong Y., Yang S., Li M., Wen J. and Li L. (2007) Upregulation of Flk-1 by bFGF via the ERK pathway is essential for VEGF-mediated promotion of neural stem cell proliferation. Cell Res. 17, 7379.
  • Yasuhara T., Shingo T., Kobayashi K., Takeuchi A., Yano A., Muraoka K., Matsui T., Miyoshi Y., Hamada H. and Date I. (2004) Neuroprotective effects of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) upon dopaminergic neurons in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Eur. J. Neurosci. 19, 14941504.
  • Zhang Z. G., Zhang L., Jiang Q., Zhang R., Davies K., Powers C., Bruggen N. and Chopp M. (2000) VEGF enhances angiogenesis and promotes blood-brain barrier leakage in the ischemic brain. J. Clin. Invest. 106, 829838.