To investigate the myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene mutation and related clinical features in Chinese Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) patients, we screened the coding sequence of MPZ in 70 unrelated CMT index patients after excluding the PMP22 duplication, Cx32 and MFN2 mutations. We found four different missense mutations: c.194C>T, c.242A>T, c.371C>T, and c.419C>G. The frequency of MPZ mutation was approximately 4.35% of the total, 3.08% of CMT1, and 6% of CMT2. Mutations c.242A>T and c.419C>G are novel. The mutation c.242A>T exhibited late onset and rapidly progressive CMT2 phenotype. The mutation c.419C>G exhibited relatively late onset and slowly progressive CMT1 phenotype.