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The Global Nursing Faculty Shortage: Status and Solutions for Change

Authors


Correspondence

Dr. Deena Nardi, Director DNP Program, University of St. Francis, 500 Wilcox St., Joliet, IL 60435.

E-mail: dnardi@stfrancis.edu

Abstract

Background

In addition to a global shortage of nurses, there is also a shortage of academically qualified faculty available to teach in schools of nursing.

Methods

A systematic review examined proposed solutions to the global shortage of nursing faculty. Metasynthesis was used to compare and critically appraise strategies offered for solving or ameliorating the global nursing faculty shortage by premier nursing organizations.

Findings

181 recommendations in 62 publications were categorized into eight major themed solutions, including centralizing data management, international collaboration in nursing research, and increased funding for full-time faculty positions in nursing programs.

Discussion

The nursing faculty shortage is due to a confluence of factors, including the global migration of nurses, a seeming persistent devaluation of faculty by academic programs, disincentives, and an overall reduction in full-time equivalent faculty positions.

Conclusions

Results point to a needed change in direction and approach to solving the nursing faculty shortage. By designing new education models that fit global healthcare needs and pooling teaching resources, designing and using the same databases across organizations to track and project faculty needs, and collaborating between schools and businesses to create mutually beneficial agreements for services, nursing faculty capacity can be enhanced, and nursing's capacity to meet global healthcare needs can be expanded.

Clinical Relevance

The results of this systematic review can be used as a rubric for the design and development of strategies to end the nursing faculty shortage and expand global nursing capacity.

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