PROFESSION AND SOCIETY
Characteristics of Quantitative Nursing Research from 1990 to 2010
Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013
© 2013 Sigma Theta Tau International
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 45, Issue 4, pages 405–411, December 2013
How to Cite
Yarcheski, A. and Mahon, N. E. (2013), Characteristics of Quantitative Nursing Research from 1990 to 2010. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 45: 405–411. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12038
- Issue published online: 10 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 10 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 APR 2013
- interdisciplinary research in nursing
To assess author credentials of quantitative research in nursing, the composition of the research teams, and the disciplinary focus of the theories tested.
Nursing Research, Western Journal of Nursing Research, and Journal of Advanced Nursing were selected for this descriptive study; 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010 were included. The final sample consisted of 484 quantitative research articles.
From 1990 to 2010, there was an increase in first authors holding doctoral degrees, research from other countries, and funding. Solo authorship decreased; multi-authorship and multidisciplinary teams increased. Theories tested were mostly from psychology; the testing of nursing theory was modest. Multidisciplinary research far outdistanced interdisciplinary research.
Quantitative nursing research can be characterized as multidisciplinary (distinct theories from different disciplines) rather than discipline-specific to nursing. Interdisciplinary (theories synthesized from different disciplines) research has been conducted minimally.
This study provides information about the growth of the scientific knowledge base of nursing, which has implications for practice.