Evaluation of Printed Health Education Materials for Use by Low-Education Families
Version of Record online: 5 MAR 2014
© 2014 Sigma Theta Tau International
Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Volume 46, Issue 4, pages 218–228, July 2014
How to Cite
Ryan, L., Logsdon, M. C., McGill, S., Stikes, R., Senior, B., Helinger, B., Small, B. and Davis, D. W. (2014), Evaluation of Printed Health Education Materials for Use by Low-Education Families. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 46: 218–228. doi: 10.1111/jnu.12076
- Issue online: 1 JUL 2014
- Version of Record online: 5 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 JAN 2014
- Health literacy;
- patient education;
- health communication;
- suitability of materials;
- reading level
Millions of adults lack adequate reading skills and many written patient education materials do not reflect national guidelines for readability and suitability of materials, resulting in barriers to patients being partners in their own health care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate commonly used printed health materials for readability and suitability for patients with limited general or health literacy skills, while providing easy recommendations to health care providers for how to improve the materials.
Materials (N = 97) from three clinical areas that represented excellence in nursing care in our organization (stroke, cancer, and maternal-child) were reviewed for a composite reading grade level and a Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM) score.
Twenty-eight percent of the materials were at a 9th grade or higher reading level, and only 23% were 5th grade or below. The SAM ratings for not suitable, adequate, and superior were 11%, 58%, and 31%, respectively. Few materials were superior on both scales. The SAM scale was easy to use and required little training of reviewers to achieve interrater reliability.
Improving outcomes and reducing health disparities are increasingly important, and patients must be partners in their care for this to occur. One step to increasing patient understanding of written instructions is improving the quality of the materials in the instruction for all patients and their families, especially those with limited literacy skills.
Using materials that are written in a manner that facilitates the uptake and use of patient education content has great potential to improve the ability of patients and families to be partners in care and to improve outcomes, especially for those patients and families with limited general literacy or health literacy skills.