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Evaluation of Printed Health Education Materials for Use by Low-Education Families

Authors

  • Lesa Ryan BS,

    1. Medical Student, University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Louisville, KY
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  • M. Cynthia Logsdon PhD, WHNP-BC, FAAN,

    1. Professor, University of Louisville, School of Nursing, and Associate Chief of Nursing for Research, University of Louisville Hospital/James Graham Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, KY
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  • Sarah McGill BS,

    1. Medical Student, University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Louisville, KY
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  • Reetta Stikes MSN, RNC-NIC, CLC,

    1. Advanced Practice Educator, Center for Women and Infants, University of Louisville Hospital/James Graham Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, KY
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  • Barbara Senior BSN, MBA, RN,

    1. Clinical Nurse Manager, Stroke ICU, University of Louisville Hospital/James Graham Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, KY
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  • Bridget Helinger MSN, ARNP, ACNP-BC, CCRN,

    1. Advanced Practice RN, Stroke Services, University of Louisville Hospital/James Graham Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, KY
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  • Beth Small BSN, RN, OCN,

    1. Registered Nurse Clinician, University of Louisville Hospital/James Graham Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, KY
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  • Deborah Winders Davis PhD

    Corresponding author
    1. Professor, University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Louisville, KY
    • Correspondence Dr. Deborah Winders Davis, 571 S. Floyd Street, Suite 412, University of Louisville, Department of Pediatrics, Child Development Unit, Louisville, KY 40202. E-mail: deborah.davis@louisville.edu

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Abstract

Purpose

Millions of adults lack adequate reading skills and many written patient education materials do not reflect national guidelines for readability and suitability of materials, resulting in barriers to patients being partners in their own health care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate commonly used printed health materials for readability and suitability for patients with limited general or health literacy skills, while providing easy recommendations to health care providers for how to improve the materials.

Methods

Materials (N = 97) from three clinical areas that represented excellence in nursing care in our organization (stroke, cancer, and maternal-child) were reviewed for a composite reading grade level and a Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM) score.

Results

Twenty-eight percent of the materials were at a 9th grade or higher reading level, and only 23% were 5th grade or below. The SAM ratings for not suitable, adequate, and superior were 11%, 58%, and 31%, respectively. Few materials were superior on both scales. The SAM scale was easy to use and required little training of reviewers to achieve interrater reliability.

Conclusions

Improving outcomes and reducing health disparities are increasingly important, and patients must be partners in their care for this to occur. One step to increasing patient understanding of written instructions is improving the quality of the materials in the instruction for all patients and their families, especially those with limited literacy skills.

Clinical Relevance

Using materials that are written in a manner that facilitates the uptake and use of patient education content has great potential to improve the ability of patients and families to be partners in care and to improve outcomes, especially for those patients and families with limited general literacy or health literacy skills.

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