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Gender Differences in the Predictors of Physical Activity Among Assisted Living Residents

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Abstract

Purpose

To explore gender differences in the predictors of physical activity (PA) among assisted living residents.

Design and Methods

A cross-sectional design was adopted. A convenience sample of 304 older adults was recruited from four assisted living facilities in Taiwan. Two separate simultaneous multiple regression analyses were conducted to identify the predictors of PA for older men and women. Independent variables entered into the regression models were age, marital status, educational level, past regular exercise participation, number of chronic diseases, functional status, self-rated health, depression, and self-efficacy expectations.

Findings

In older men, a junior high school or higher educational level, past regular exercise participation, better functional status, better self-rated health, and higher self-efficacy expectations predicted more PA, accounting for 61.3% of the total variance in PA. In older women, better self-rated health, lower depression, and higher self-efficacy expectations predicted more PA, accounting for 50% of the total variance in PA.

Conclusions

Predictors of PA differed between the two genders. The results have crucial implications for developing gender-specific PA interventions.

Clinical Relevance

Through a clearer understanding of gender-specific predictors, healthcare providers can implement gender-sensitive PA-enhancing interventions to assist older residents in performing sufficient PA.

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