joa12008-sup-0001-FigS1.tifimage/tif3047KFig. S1. Mandibular template as in Fig. 3d with the 38 deciduous tooth landmarks (blue vertices) and the four muscle landmarks (red dots), but augmented with the 14 permanent tooth landmarks (green vertices).
joa12008-sup-0002-videoS2.avivideo/avi4134KVideo S2. Morph of the human mandibular surface from birth to mid-DS3, right lateral view.
joa12008-sup-0003-videoS3.avivideo/avi4793KVideo S3. Morph of the human mandibular surface from birth to mid-DS3, antero-superior view.
joa12008-sup-0004-videoS4.avivideo/avi4129KVideo S4. Morph of the human mandibular surface from mid-DS1 to mid-DS3, right lateral view.
joa12008-sup-0005-FigS5.tifimage/tif726KFig. S5. Illustration of the relative reduction of the oropharynx length (Ba-NPS segment) during dental stages (DS)1, 2 and 3. Usually the ethmomaxillary complex (EMC) is described as growing away from the cranial base (e.g. Enlow, 1990), but the distance between basion (Ba) and sella (S) increases as much as that between basion and the posterior nasal spine (PNS) during the same developmental period (on average 10%).We therefore used Bookstein's (1991) base-line registration method to show that the relative decrease of the oropharynx length results from both the backward rotation and the vertical elongation of the EMC (S-PNS segment).

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