Femoral neck-shaft angle in humans: variation relating to climate, clothing, lifestyle, sex, age and side
Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013
© 2013 Anatomical Society
Journal of Anatomy
Volume 223, Issue 2, pages 133–151, August 2013
How to Cite
Gilligan, I., Chandraphak, S. and Mahakkanukrauh, P. (2013), Femoral neck-shaft angle in humans: variation relating to climate, clothing, lifestyle, sex, age and side. Journal of Anatomy, 223: 133–151. doi: 10.1111/joa.12073
- Issue published online: 9 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 19 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 MAY 2013
- University House Postgraduate Research Scholarship
- College of Arts and Social Sciences, Australian National University
Data S1. Other femoral variables.
Fig. S1. Normal probability plot.
Fig. S2. Residuals scatter plot.
Fig. S3. Distributions of winter temperatures for the three economic categories.
Fig. S4. NSA and winter temperature for the agricultural groups.
Fig. S5. NSA and winter temperature for the urban groups.
Fig. S6. Winter temperature ranges for the mobile and sedentary groups.
Fig. S7. NSA and winter temperature for the mobile groups.
Fig. S8. NSA and winter temperature for the sedentary groups.
Fig. S9. Distributions of clothing codes in the mobility categories.
Fig. S10. Distributions of FHD for males and females.
Fig. S11. Distributions of male and female BCB.
Fig. S12. Distributions of male and female MFL.
Fig. S13. Distributions of male MFL and winter temperature.
Table S1. Number of femora measured (n) at each of the participating institutions (listed alphabetically), and number of countries, territories, and other groups sampled.
Table S2. List of each sample group with the assigned weather station, latitude (°N/S), and associated climatic data: mean annual (A) temperature, and mean monthly summer (S) and winter (W) temperatures (°C).
Table S3. Group codes for economy and mobility, and corresponding Murdock codes.
Table S4. Descriptions and examples of the five clothing codes.
Table S5. Clothing codes for the 86 lifestyle sample groups.
Table S6. Results of chi-square tests for clothing and economy.
Table S7. Results of chi-square tests for clothing and mobility.
Table S8. Sex differences in mean NSA among samples with n ≥ 5 for both sexes.
Table S9. Mean age and correlations between NSA and age for the Bangkok, Chiang Mai, total Thai, Poundbury, and combined samples.
Table S10. Side differences for groups with n ≥ 5 for both left and right NSA.
Table S11. Correlations and results of significance tests for FHD and the climatic indices.
Table S12. Correlations and results of significance tests for FHD and NSA.
Table S13. Correlations and results of significance tests for BCB and the climatic indices.
Table S14. Correlations and results of significance tests for BCB and NSA.
Table S15. Descriptive statistics and results of t-test for left and right MFL.
Table S16. Bilateral asymmetry in FHD and BCB.
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